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Vincristine, irinotecan, and temozolomide treatment for refractory/relapsed pediatric solid tumors: A single center experience

Journal title
Journal of oncology pharmacy practice : official publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners
Publication year
Buyukkapu Bay, S.; Kebudi, R.; Gorgun, O.; Zulfikar, B.; Darendeliler, E.; Cakir, F. B.

Background Although the survival of pediatric cancer has increased dramatically in the last decades, the survival of refractory, relapsed, and metastatic cases is still dismal. The combination of irinotecan and temozolomide has shown activity against refractory/relapsed pediatric solid tumors. Method Thirty-four children with refractory/relapsed solid tumors who had previously been heavily pretreated and who were given vincristine, irinotecan, and temozolomide as third- or further line chemotherapy during 2004-2015 were evaluated. Results Patients were diagnosed with Ewing sarcoma (n = 15), rhabdomyosarcoma (n = 8), neuroblastoma (n = 8), osteosarcoma (n = 2), and Wilms’ tumor (n = 1). Thirty patients presented with disease progression on therapy and the other four presented with relapsing. A total of 141 cycles were administered. Radiotherapy was used in 17 patients and surgery in 4 as local therapy. Among all patients, 6 had complete response, 3 had partial response, 14 had stable disease, and 11 had progressive disease. The objective response was 26.4% (complete response + partial response) and median survival duration was six months. The first and second year overall survival rates were 22.3% and 16.8%. The objective response in Ewing sarcoma patients was 40%. Diarrhea was the most common toxicity and 14 (10%) courses were associated with grade 3-4 diarrhea. Conclusions In heavily pretreated patients with refractory/relapsed solid tumors, the vincristine, irinotecan, and temozolomide regimen seemed promising in Ewing sarcoma patients and was well tolerated.

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