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Outcome of arterial ischemic stroke in children with heart disease

Journal title
European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society
Publication year
Vazquez Lopez, M.; de Castro de Castro, P.; Barredo Valderrama, E.; Miranda Herrero, M. C.; Gil Villanueva, N.; Alcaraz Romero, A. J.; Pascual Pascual, S. I.

Arterial ischemic strokes (AIS) are rare in childhood. Congenital and acquired heart diseases are one of the most important risk factors of AIS in children. OBJECTIVE: Study the outcome of children with heart disease that have suffered AIS and the factors that influence on prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated all children with heart disease who had suffered AIS between 2000 and 2014 in our hospital. RESULTS: Seventy-four children with heart disease suffered an arterial ischemic stroke. 20% of them died and 10% had new AIS during the study period. Fifty-two patients were evaluated an average of six years after AIS. According to the Paediatric Stroke Outcome Scale (PSOM), most of the patients had some degree of impairment, mainly in sensorimotor and in cognitive-behavioural areas. The modified Rankin scale (mRS) showed an unfavourable outcome in 70% of patients (including patients that have died). Upper limb was more functionally impaired than lower limb. Strokes in neonatal period and early life were associated with poor prognosis. Size of stroke, cortical and subcortical involvement and basal ganglia stroke were associated with an unfavourable outcome. Fever in the acute phase and hemiparesis at presentation were also poor prognostic factors. Epilepsy at time of evaluation was also associated with unfavourable outcome. On the other hand, a normal electroencephalogram was associated with favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: AIS in children with heart disease had an unfavourable outcome, with impairment in different areas. Epilepsy happened in one third of the patients.

Research abstracts