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Pain Outcomes After Celiac Plexus Block in Children and Young Adults with Cancer

Journal title
Journal of adolescent and young adult oncology
Publication year
2018
Author(s)
Anghelescu, D. L.; Guo, A.; Morgan, K. J.; Frett, M.; Prajapati, H.; Gold, R.; Federico, S. M.

PURPOSE: The use of celiac plexus block (CPB) for abdominal pain has been extensively reported in adults. However, pediatric literature is limited to three single case reports and a series of three cases. This study evaluated the effectiveness of CPB in children and young adults (aged 8-20 years) with abdominal malignancies. METHODS: Pain outcomes after CPB were evaluated in four children and young adults with cancer. Mean daily pain score (PS, 0-10) and morphine consumption (intravenous morphine equivalent daily [MED], mg/kg/day) before and after CPB were used to assess effectiveness. RESULTS: Mean daily PS reduced after CPB in all patients. In one patient, this reduction was sustained up to 6 months of follow-up, and analgesics were discontinued 1 week after CPB. The other three patients had limited survival (6, 16, and 37 days) after CPB. One patient had a PS of 0 over the last few days of life, but the MED was escalated from 0.74 before the block to 5.4 mg/kg/day at the end of life. In the other two patients, MED was lower during the first week after CPB than that before CPB (4.55 vs. 1.59 and 2.88 vs. 1.51 mg/kg/day, respectively). As these two patients had disease progression during their last days of life, the MED was increased to 4.75 and 263.9 mg/kg/day, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that CPB may contribute to reducing PS and MED. We observed the use of CPB rather late in the disease trajectory.

Research abstracts