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Pulmonary and systemic vascular response to promethazine in conscious lambs

Journal title
Pediatric cardiology
Publication year
Covert, R. F.; Drummond, W. H.; Webb, I. B.; Gimotty, P. A.

Promethazine is an antihistamine commonly used for sedation in clinical pediatric medicine. We studied the cardiovascular effects of promethazine in normoxic, conscious, chronically instrumented neonatal lambs. Eight lambs received 1.3 mg/kg of promethazine intravenously (i.v.) while at rest. In all lambs, promethazine led to elevations of pulmonary vascular resistance, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, mean transpulmonary pressure, mean left atrial pressure, and the ratio of pulmonary-to-systemic vascular resistance. In addition, five (63%) of the lambs demonstrated an increase in mean systemic arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance to promethazine. A subgroup of three lambs, which tended to be younger, failed to demonstrate the systemic vascular response to promethazine. Promethazine given i.v. has important cardiovascular effects. We hypothesize that promethazine used for sedation before cardiac catheterization in children may alter subsequent hemodynamic observations.

Research abstracts