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The inhibitor of apoptosis gene (iap-3) of Anticarsia gemmatalis multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV) encodes a functional IAP

Journal title
Archives of virology
Publication year
2005
Author(s)
Carpes, M. P.; de Castro, M. E.; Soares, E. F.; Villela, A. G.; Pinedo, F. J.; Ribeiro, B. M.
Pages
1549-62
Volume
150
Number
8

Programmed cell death or apoptosis is one of the defense mechanisms used by insect cells in response to baculovirus infection. Baculoviruses harbour antiapoptotic genes to prevent apoptosis and to maintain the normal course of infection. In this work, we showed that, like other baculoviruses, Anticarsia gemmatalis multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV) has a functional inhibitor of apoptosis gene (iap-3). The iap-3 gene was cloned, sequenced and its transcription confirmed by RT-PCR. The putative iap-3 gene of the baculovirus AgMNPV has 864 nucleotides and codes an ORF of 287 amino acids. We have found two BIR motifs (baculoviral iap repeats) at the amino-terminal region and a carboxi-terminal RING finger motif. The IAP-3 protein of AgMNPV is closely related to IAP-3 proteins of baculoviruses and lepidopteran IAPs, with most amino acid identity (75%) with the IAP-3 protein of CfDefNPV (Choristoneura fumiferana DEF nucleopolyhedrovirus). Transcriptional analysis of the AgMNPV iap-3 gene showed that iap-3-specific transcripts could be detected early and late in the infection. The iap-3 gene of AgMNPV was shown to encode a functional IAP since insect cells transfected with increasing amounts of a plasmid containing the iap-3 of AgMNPV showed increased resistance to apoptosis induced by a AgMNPV mutant virus.

Research abstracts