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Thiamine Responsive Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency: A Potentially Treatable Cause of Leigh’s Disease

Journal title
Journal of pediatric neurosciences
Publication year
2017
Author(s)
Jauhari, P.; Sankhyan, N.; Vyas, S.; Singhi, P.
Pages
265-267
Volume
12
Number
3

Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder that affects tissues with high energy demand such as the central nervous system. The clinico-radiological phenotype of Leigh’s disease is one of its common presentations. We present a 9-month-old boy with rapidly progressive infantile Leigh’s disease. PDHA1 gene sequencing revealed a pathological homozygous missense mutation c.131A>G or p.H44R in exon 3 consistent with PDHC deficiency. H44R is among the five mutations (H44R, R88S, G89S, R263G, and V389fs) in E1alpha subunit that is thiamine-responsive. The child was initiated on thiamine, riboflavin, carnitine, coenzyme Q, and sodium benzoate supplementation. Mild recovery was noted at 6 months follow up as no further episodes of encephalopathy occurred. Thereafter, the child was treated with Ketogenic diet which resulted in increased levels of activity and alertness. Despite an improving course, the child had a sudden unexpected death at the age of 21 months.

Research abstracts