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[Trisomy 9p and clinical heterogeneity: case report of an unusual presentation]

Journal title
Orvosi hetilap
Publication year
2018
Author(s)
Lengyel, A.; Kosik, A.; Pinti, E.; Lodi, C.; Tory, K.; Fekete, G.; Haltrich, I.
Pages
1994-2000
Volume
159
Number
47

Whole or partial trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 9 (9p) is considered to be one of the more frequent chromosome abnormalities compatible with life. The duplication may affect various organs, however the most common symptoms are certain specific facial dysmorphisms and abnormalities of the fingers, toes and nails. A one month old boy presented with failure to thrive, jaundice, ventricular septal defect (VSD) and dysmorphic face. He displayed symptoms of heart failure. The cardiologic examination revealed a significant VSD, hypoplasia of the aortic arch, pulmonary hypertension, decompensated circulatory failure and moderate left ventricle dysfunction. Routine cytogenetic analysis revealed a supernumerary marker chromosome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) identified this as the short arm of chromosome 9. The child’s karyotype was determined as 47,XY,+der(9)dup(9)(p10p24)dn. Due to his worsening condition and the high risk of the operation, it was decided to forego the procedure. After a short palliative care the child passed away. The child’s clinical presentation and the uncharacteristic severity of his condition show that chromosome abnormalities involving duplicated genetic material are extremely heterogeneous. Thus treatment of each child should be individualized and may also involve difficult ethical considerations. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(47): 1994-2000.

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